What Is Hazard Mitigation?

Hazard mitigation is any action taken before, during, or after a disaster to permanently eliminate or reduce it's long-term risk to human life and property.  Hazard Mitigation is important at both, the individual family & business level as well as county wide as it seeks to prevent the disaster before it occurs or reduce the damage that occurs.

Mitigation is a critical phase of the emergency management lifecycle.  

Learn more about mitigation from F.E.M.A.'s Independent Study Course IS393 Introduction to Mitigation

Emergency Management Lifecycle Image

Personal Homeowner Mitigation

Osceola County's Hazard Management Plan

The goal of emergency management is to save lives, prevent property damage, and minimize damage to the environment from natural, technological, and human-related hazards.  In order to accomplish this goal, a jurisdiction must understand various aspects of it's geographic and socioeconomic composition (community profile), have knowledge of all the hazards that have and/or could occur (hazard analysis), and establish strategies that can be used to eliminate or reduce the hazards impacts on the jurisdiction (hazard mitigation).  This systematic process is known as Hazard Management and comprises efforts to reduce known hazards risk and impact to the jurisdiction.

Osceola County’s Hazard Management Plan

The Osceola County Hazard Management Plan was originally developed  in 2016 by Osceola County Emergency Management with the assistance of the Michigan State Police, Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division.  This original plan was adopted by the Osceola County Board of Commissioners via resolution ##-###-## in 20## and approved by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (F.E.M.A.) later the same year.  It's comprising documents include a Community Profile, Hazard Analysis, Mitigation Strategy, and other sections that are used by our Local Emergency Planning Team (L.E.P.T.) to proactively implement hazard management programs.  In addition, Osceola EMD maintains a dedicated service component within it's program for such.  

Although the Osceola County Hazard Mitigation Plan has officially passed it's F.E.M.A. expiration date, it remains as our active document locally for the purpose of hazard analysis and mitigation purposes.  

F.E.M.A.'s "Mitigation Ideas" helps provide considerations for community mitigation actions.


The Community Profile provides details on the jurisdiction's geography, land use, economic, and demographic characteristics.

The Hazard Analysis lists known hazards and their potential impacts, risks, and identified vulnerabilities to the jurisdiction.

The Hazard Mitigation Plan establishes identified strategies used to eliminate or reduce the impacts of the jurisdiction's hazards.

This section describes how the jurisdiction develops, guide, and implements Hazard Management and involved entities.



P.O. Box 25

22054 Professional Drive, 

Reed City MI 49677 

Phone: 231 832-6172 

Fax: 231 832-7354



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